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7 Programming Languages
About 2 million websites are currently active on the world wide web. As the competition is getting fiercer, it has become crucial for all businesses and companies to launch the perfect website that will rank higher, improve user experience and retention, and deliver consistent performance.
If you want the same, deciding the programming language for backend web development is imperative. There are so many languages that making the ideal choice is the most challenging task. Plus, each language has unique features and variable contributes to the development process.
Keeping this in mind, we have explained the top seven backend languages still prevalent in the market.
One of the most commonly used programming languages in 2022 is Java. The first object-oriented programming language gives developers more leverage than any other programming. Usually, most legacy system frameworks and large-scale projects utilize Java owing to its robustness and excellent code performance. It has several features that take the development work to the next level. These are:
- Encapsulation: It hides the essential code snippets or the functional logic from external customers.
- Abstraction: In this case, the high-priority tasks are given more importance, and the insignificant ones are not executed during program compilation.
- Inheritance: You can extend one class to the other along with the components to create a hierarchical backend structure.
- Threads: Java allows the utilization of multiple threads and is used in developing computerized graphics.
Python is the second programming language used in several companies for backend web development. It is known for the easier learning curve even though the language is based on Java and C++ to a great extent. Apart from development, Python is also useful for automation testing. It supports the development of GUI and software interfaces also. Apart from this, it is an open-source language that further helps developers communicate with each other and come up with the most robust website backend.
One of the best languages for backend development is PHPO. It is known for the dynamic features it comes with and the robust websites that are developed with this language. It comes with so many outstanding tech features that make development so convenient. For example, developers can include a method within the code that will always return the static value, regardless of whether the logic is changed.
It is also used to generate webpage contents dynamically. Perhaps that’s why it is so much preferred amongst developers. Apart from this, the built-in encryption classes for PHP protect the software being developed, reducing the need to include security protocols from outside.
Ruby is another language used for backend web development. It has become popular owing to the easier learning curve and how it helps developers code dynamic web pages. Developers can efficiently work on private and global classes to restrict user control and ensure only specific methods are escalated simultaneously instead of the entire code.
It also has codes for freezing objects and making them immutable for a specific time. Ruby language supports polymorphism, data abstraction, and encapsulation. One of the best features of the programming language is its support for the exceptional handling of the code. Therefore, developers won’t have to work on the remote debugs for default and generalized errors, like array out-of-bounds or null pointer exceptions.
This is indeed a new player in the market and yet has acquired a reputed position. It is often used to develop dynamic webpages in combination with Java or Python for more efficiency, it allows the implementation of structures and Enums for transforming the long codes into multiple modules. It has string handlers to ensure all the strong values and variables declared or evaluated during execution return the correct data type.
Golang or Go is another excellent language used for backend web development. It has a built-in library and functional snips of packages and project classes. It can detect any recursive call from the user’s frontend UI and blocks the requests if they are sent unnecessarily.